National Academic Reference Standards (NARS) Engineering 2nd Edition 2018
IV. Attributes of the Graduates of Engineering
The Engineering Graduate must:
1. Master a wide spectrum of engineering knowledge and specialized skills and can apply acquired knowledge using theories and abstract thinking in real life situations;
2. Apply analytic critical and systemic thinking to identify, diagnose and solve engineering problems with a wide range of complexity and variation;
3. Behave professionally and adhere to engineering ethics and standards;
4. Work in and lead a heterogeneous team of professionals from different engineering specialties and assume responsibility for own and team performance;
5. Recognize his/her role in promoting the engineering field and contribute in the development of the profession and the community;
6. Value the importance of the environment, both physical and natural, and work to promote sustainability principles;
7. Use techniques, skills and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice;
8. Assume full responsibility for own learning and self-development, engage in lifelong learning and demonstrate the capacity to engage in post- graduate and research studies;
9. Communicate effectively using different modes, tools and languages with various audiences; to deal with academic/professional challenges in a critical and creative manner;
10. Demonstrate leadership qualities, business administration and entrepreneurial skills.
V. Competencies for Engineering Graduates
COMETENCIES OF ENGINEERING GRADUATE
The Engineering Graduate must be able to:
1. Identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying engineering fundamentals, basic science and mathematics.
2. Develop and conduct appropriate experimentation and/or simulation, analyze and interpret data, assess and evaluate findings, and use statistical analyses and objective engineering judgment to draw conclusions.
3. Apply engineering design processes to produce cost-effective solutions that meet specified needs with consideration for global, cultural, social, economic, environmental, ethical and other aspects as appropriate to the discipline and within the principles and contexts of sustainable design and development.
4. Utilize contemporary technologies, codes of practice and standards, quality guidelines, health and safety requirements, environmental issues and risk management principles.
5. Practice research techniques and methods of investigation as an inherent part of learning.
6. Plan, supervise and monitor implementation of engineering projects, taking into consideration other trades requirements.
7. Function efficiently as an individual and as a member of multi-disciplinary and multi- cultural teams.
8. Communicate effectively – graphically, verbally and in writing – with a range of audiences using contemporary tools.
9. Use creative, innovative and flexible thinking and acquire entrepreneurial and leadership skills to anticipate and respond to new situations.
10. Acquire and apply new knowledge; and practice self, lifelong and other learning strategies.
VI. Competencies for Engineering Specializations
1. CIVIL ENGINEERING
In addition to the above Competencies for All Engineering Programs the BASIC CIVIL Engineering graduate must be able to:
1.1 Select appropriate and sustainable technologies for construction of buildings, infrastructures and water structures; using either numerical techniques or physical measurements and/or testing by applying a full range of civil engineering concepts and techniques of: Structural Analysis and Mechanics, Properties and Strength of Materials, Surveying, Soil Mechanics, Hydrology and Fluid Mechanics.
1.2 Achieve an optimum design of Reinforced Concrete and Steel Structures, Foundations and Earth Retaining Structures; and at least three of the following civil engineering topics: Transportation and Traffic, Roadways and Airports, Railways, Sanitary Works, Irrigation, Water Resources and Harbors; or any other emerging field relevant to the discipline.
1.3 Plan and manage construction processes; address construction defects, instability and quality issues; maintain safety measures in construction and materials; and assess environmental impacts of projects.
1.4 Deal with biddings, contracts and financial issues including project insurance and guarantees.